Products and their packaging have to deal with weather and temperature fluctuations during transport. Moisture, cold and heat all affect the packaging and/or product.
Products, such as medicines should absolutely experience no problems here. But also the packaging may be weakened resulting in unstable pallet loads.
In many cases the packaging is also subjected to a transport simulation test in addition to a thermal test.
Temperature test for the pharmaceutical industry
In order to test whether a thermal packaging actually meets the required temperature criteria, a temperature test is performed. Thermocouples are applied in the product or against the primary packaging. The product, insulated container, refrigerants and the remaining components are (usually) preconditioned for 24 hours to prepare for the test.
The product is packed and placed in the temperature chamber that simulates the outside temperature. Several thermocouples are placed on the outside of the packaging to register the ambient temperature. The thermocouples are connected to a data logger that registers the temperature at a predetermined interval. After the test, the data can be processed into a graph that shows the temperature curve of the thermal packaging.
Prior to a transport simulation test, a climate test is often performed.
By bringing the packaging or pallet load to the expected temperature and humidity, it can be simulated and investigated how a packaging or pallet load responds to high humidity conditions or how extremely low temperatures affect the packaging materials.
Long duration test/accelerated aging test
Long duration temperature or climate tests are conducted to simulate the influence of humidity and/or temperature on the product and packaging. This can be done with multiple pallets or with only a few pieces per test, depending on the client’s wishes. Points for attention during long duration temperature or climate tests are the effect of temperature and humidity on the shelf life of the product (accelerated aging test), determining permeability of the packaging, or simulating long-term (sea) transport.
The ultra-low freezers are employed during the conditioning and testing of products that need to be transported at extremely low temperatures (to -80 °C). These are usually pharmaceutical products that must remain frozen and are kept at the right temperature during transport by means of dry ice.
Climate tests exist in many shapes and sizes and can be conducted in accordance with international standards and client-specific profiles.
Possible international standards are:
All ISTA standards
Is your test standard not included in this list? Please contact us for the possibilities.
Manufacturer climate chambers: Weiss Enet
Manufacturer ultra-low freezer: NuAire (2 freezers)
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